- Utworzony: 17-11-21
- Ostatnie logowanie: 17-11-21
Opis: TITANIUM SHEET/PLATE Titanium plate and sheet are commonly used in manufacturing today, with the most popular grades being 2 and 5. Grade 2 Titanium Grade 2 is the commercially pure titanium used in most of the chemical processing plants and is cold formable. Grade 2 plate and sheet can have ultimate tensile strength at and above 40,000 psi. Grade 5 Titanium Grade 5 is the aerospace grade and is not cold formable, so it is used more often when no forming is needed. Grade 5 aerospace alloy will have ultimate tensile strength at and above 120,000 psi. Plate is often used with the goal to get really close to the final dimensions of the part being made. The material is worked to the closest size of the desired part and the grain structure of the finished piece is more homogenous. Titanium sheet is often used as a heat barrier because titanium stops the heat and does not transfer to the rest of the assembly. Titanium plate and sheet have ballistic properties making it great for driver protection in racing. Roller Expansion The most commonly used method of making tube/tube sheet joints is roller expansion. Roller expansion procedures for titanium tube into tube sheets are similar to those used for other materials. For best results, the tube sheet holes should be within the limits specified by TEMA (Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association) for shell and tube heat exchangers or within the limits specified by HEI (Heat Exchange Institute) Standards for Steam Surface Condensers. Determining Expansion There are three commonly used methods of determining the correct amount of expansion: 1. Measuring wall reduction 2. Simulating wall reduction by interference 3. Pull-out strength versus torque curve The above pull-out test is preferable. The suggested wall reduction for titanium tubes is 10%. Thus, in a .028" tube or a .020" tube, the required reduction is .0028" or .0020". A small error in measurement can result in a large deficiency in pull-out strength. Why the titanium target price is high? Titanium target price is not cheap mainly due to the high price of its raw material titanium. Titanium sputtering target is mainly used for various film coatings, such as tool coating, optics coating, solar coating, and the like. However, its high price is a big obstacle for its popularity and development. We generally think gold & platinum are expensive because of their scarcity, but how about titanium? Is it a precious metal? Well, among the list of the top 10 most precious metals in the world, titanium, unfortunately, doesn’t get its place, which is a foregone conclusion. Titanium is present in the Earth’s crust at a level of about 0.6% — the fourth most abundant structural metal after aluminum, iron, and magnesium. However, titanium is always bonded to other elements in nature. Since titanium extraction is complex and costly, the price of the titanium product is high. What is titanium flange? Titanium flange is a kind of part made of non-ferrous metal titanium or titanium alloy to connect the pipe with the pipe, which is connected to the pipe end. There are holes on the titanium flange, and bolts make the two flanges tightly connected. The flange is sealed with gasket. Flange pipe fittings refer to the pipe fittings with flange (flange or adapter). It can be formed by threaded connection or welding. The flange connection is composed of a pair of flanges, a gasket and several bolts and nuts. The gasket is placed between the two flange sealing surfaces. After the nut is tightened, the specific pressure on the gasket surface reaches a certain value, and the deformation occurs, and the uneven parts on the sealing surface are filled, so that the connection is tight. According to the structure type, there are titanium lap Joint flange, titanium weld neck flange, titanium threaded flange and titanium blind flange, etc. Progress for the Titanium Industry Positive progress has been made towards the cost-effective application of titanium in vehicles for the mass market. The leading applications are cold wound springs manufactured from low-cost beta alloy, and exhaust systems manufactured from commercially pure titanium. These two classes of components are currently being manufactured for the automotive industry in titanium, using processes and tooling designed for manufacturing parts in steel. Automotive suppliers and manufacturers look at the total system cost, and while the titanium industry aims to develop low-cost alloys, it is clear that cheaper titanium alone will not guarantee an automotive application, but a competitively priced titanium component will. Therefore, there is a need to establish low-cost manufacturing methods for titanium parts. In working with automotive designers, the industry monitors the cost-benefit of using titanium, and remains abreast of all design and production developments, to reduce the cost and manufacturing challenges. Requirements of the Automotive Industry For automotive producers, style and performance remain key sales factors, but environmentally aware customers with increasingly educated social consciences want not only these, but also greater safety, minimum noise, maximum fuel economy, and the continued reduction of harmful emissions. The pressure of legislation, typically the US Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency (CAFE), adds to market competition and growing customer demand - forcing design and material changes. As demand increases for more fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly cars, affordability is less of an issue. More improvements are being incorporated into engines, suspension, and bodywork. Increases in the cost of fuel serve to hasten this process, which also allows for more to be spent on corrosion resistance, weight, and fuel-saving. What are Standard Parts When we say “Standard Parts” we mean machine elements or machine components. Our Standard parts are used as the building blocks for machines and products in many different industries. We say Standard because all our parts are standardized to common sizes in both inch and metric. We standardize our parts, so the engineers don’t have to customize each knob or handle for every project. Using standard parts makes it convenient and fast for design engineers to find parts by offering multiple different types and sizes. JW Winco also offers free CAD models for all of our parts to speed up the design process. What are Non-standard Parts The non-standard parts of the mould are generally the specification and shape, and the non-standard parts are called non-standard parts.In general, the non-standard parts of the mould are the drawings and requirements provided by the supplier for processing.And mould parts for the high precision and high quality requirements on hardware accessories, all the mould parts of the industrial and technical equipment requirements is very high, non-standard precision mold precision up to 0.001 MM tolerance.Such as: rubber injection mold and product contact parts in general are standard parts, before having the main mold, mold, after insert. Can also be said that in addition to the screw, water nozzle, plunger, aprons, spring, and the rest of the mold are almost standard parts. Tungstun magine a lump of iron the size of a tennis ball. Weigh it in your hand. Now let it drop on to your foot. How does that feel? Now imagine an identical object three times as dense. How would that feel if you dropped it? Would you ever walk again? That metal is Tungstun. As well as being incredibly dense it is also incredibly hard and has the highest melting point of all the elements at 3,422C. A century or so ago the world had no use for it - it was almost impossible to shape or work the stuff. Yet now we use tungsten to write with, to traverse glaciers, to emit X-rays and to destroy buildings without the use of explosives. To understand how this happened, we need to understand the competitive forces that have shaped everything in our world, and where better to start than a mystery at the heart of the evolution of life? For the first four billion years, life didn't actually do much evolving. Organisms were small, simple and fairly rare. Then around 500 million years ago something extraordinary happened - the fossil records show there was an incredible explosion of life. What is molybdenum and what does it do? Molydenum is a mineral that you need to stay healthy. Your body uses molybdenum to process proteins and genetic material like DNA. Molybdenum also helps break down drugs and toxic substances that enter the body. Niobium Niobium is used in alloys including stainless steel. It improves the strength of the alloys, particularly at low temperatures. Alloys containing niobium are used in jet engines and rockets, beams and girders for buildings and oil rigs, and oil and gas pipelines. This element also has superconducting properties. It is used in superconducting magnets for particle accelerators, MRI scanners and NMR equipment. Niobium oxide compounds are added to glass to increase the refractive index, which allows corrective glasses to be made with thinner lenses.
Data publikacji: 17-11-21
Opis: Health benefits of taking probiotics What are the benefits of taking probiotics? Bacteria have a reputation for causing disease, so the idea of tossing down a few billion a day for your health might seem — literally and figuratively — hard to swallow. But a growing body of scientific evidence suggests that you can treat and even prevent some illnesses with foods and supplements containing certain kinds of live bacteria. Northern Europeans consume a lot of these beneficial microorganisms, called probiotics (from pro and biota, meaning "for life"), because of their tradition of eating foods fermented with bacteria, such as yogurt. Probiotic-laced beverages are also big business in Japan. Some digestive disease specialists are recommending probiotic supplements for disorders that frustrate conventional medicine, such as irritable bowel syndrome. Since the mid-1990s, clinical studies suggest that probiotic therapy can help treat several gastrointestinal ills, delay the development of allergies in children, and treat and prevent vaginal and urinary infections in women. Self-dosing with bacteria isn't as outlandish as it might seem. An estimated 100 trillion microorganisms representing more than 500 different species inhabit every normal, healthy bowel. These microorganisms (or microflora) generally don't make us sick; most are helpful. Gut-dwelling bacteria keep pathogens (harmful microorganisms) in check, aid digestion and nutrient absorption, and contribute to immune function. Not all probiotics are the same. Different strains of the bacteria have different effects. For example, one strain may fight against cavity-causing organisms in our mouths and don't need to survive a trip through our guts. Uses of Lactobacillus Powder: It is used to keep the normal balance of bacteria in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Lactobacillus Powder? If you have an allergy to Lactobacillus or any other part of lactobacillus powder. If you are allergic to lactobacillus powder; any part of lactobacillus powder; or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had. This medicine may interact with other drugs or health problems. Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take lactobacillus powder with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor. What are some things I need to know or do while I take Lactobacillus Powder? Tell all of your health care providers that you take lactobacillus powder. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists. If you are on a lactose-free diet, talk with your doctor. Some products have lactose. If you have high blood sugar (diabetes), check labels closely. Some products have sugar. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan on getting pregnant, or are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks to you and the baby. How is this medicine (Lactobacillus Powder) best taken? Use lactobacillus powder as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely. Mix with water as you have been told before drinking. You may also mix the powder with applesauce or yogurt. Do not mix lactobacillus powder in warm or hot drinks. What do I do if I miss a dose? Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it. If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses. The Difference Between Animal Protein and Plant Protein Animal proteins are complete proteins. That means they contain all the essential amino acids that you need in your diet. Plant proteins are often, but not always, incomplete sources of protein, There are benefits and concerns with both types of protein. But diets that rely mostly on plants for protein have been linked to a lower risk of stroke, heart disease, and early death. Amino Acids in Protein What you actually need from protein are the amino acids. You need 20 different ones. Your body makes some of them, but you must get nine from your diet. These are called essential amino acids. Complete proteins provide all nine essential amino acids. Sources of complete protein include: Dairy products Poultry Beef Pork Eggs Quinoa Whole sources of soy such as tofu, edamame, and tempeh Most plant sources of protein are incomplete. However, you can get all the essential amino acids you need from plant foods, as long as you eat a variety of them. Sources of plant protein are: Nuts Seeds Whole grains Legumes such as beans, peas, and lentils Vegetables Benefits of Plant Protein The type of protein you eat may be more important than the amount. Plant-based protein provides plenty of nutrients, fiber, and antioxidants that can improve your overall health. The benefits of plant-based diet may include: Protection against heart disease. A review of eight studies found that people who followed a vegan or vegetarian diet were 30% less likely to die from ischemic heart disease than people who ate meat. Plant-based diets are lower in saturated fats, iron, and hormones. Protection against cancer. Eating a diet rich in plant foods decreases your risk of cancer. Phytochemicals are substances found in plants that may help prevent cancer. Diets high in fiber can also help you control your weight and protect your gut health. Obesity is a risk factor for many diseases. Collagen powder can also give you the same protect. Health Benefits of Collagen Collagen is a protein responsible for healthy joints and skin elasticity, or stretchiness. It’s in your bones, muscles, and blood, comprising three quarters of your skin and a third of the protein in your body. As you age, your existing collagen breaks down, and it gets harder for your body to produce more. As a result, many people turn to collagen supplements. These supplements are usually powders, though there are also capsules and liquid supplements available. Collagen is also produced naturally in the body by combining amino acids, the building blocks of proteins found in food. To produce collagen, your body needs: Proline: found in egg whites, dairy, cabbage, mushrooms, and asparagus Glycine: found in pork skin, chicken skin, and gelatin, and a variety of other protein-rich foods Vitamin C: found in citrus fruits and bell peppers Zinc: found in beef, lamb, pork, shellfish, chickpeas, lentils, beans, milk, cheese, and various nuts and seeds Copper: found in organ meats, cocoa powder, cashews, sesame seeds, and lentils Nutrition Information Fourteen grams of collagen peptide (supplement) contains: Calories: 50 Protein: 12 grams Fat: 0 grams Carbohydrates: 0 grams Fiber: 0 grams Sugar: 0 grams The same amount of collagen peptide also contains 29 milligrams of calcium, 44.9 milligrams of sodium, and 0.98 milligrams of potassium. Potential Health Benefits of Collagen Supplements Because it makes up so many critical parts of our bodies, collagen is not only beneficial but essential to maintaining good health. However, the benefits of collagen supplements are still debated. While there is reasonable evidence that they help maintain hydrated skin and relieve osteoarthritis pain, more research is needed into less well-understood benefits, such as lowering blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Functional powder In Japan, vegetable-based functional foods are not uncommon, with food products such as FANCL’s kale drink, Kyusai’s (Q’sai) kale supplement, Ito En’s green juice powder, and AFC’s chlorella supplement. On the other hand, duckweed is a less widely used ingredient, but is gradually gaining attention for its ideal nutrition profile. Hinoman’s Mankai ingredient contains more than 60 nutrients including iron, magnesium, folic acid, vitamin B12, omega-3, amino acids, polyphenols and dietary fiber. Mankai has been studied in several human and animal models. In a randomised controlled human trial, people who drank a shake containing Mankai for two weeks showed lower glucose rise immediately after eating and lower morning fasting glucose levels, compared to those who drank a yoghurt shake. According to Masami Kaneko, direct marketing manager at Ajinomoto, Mankai’s amino acid composition is close to that of eggs. Combined with its higher protein digestibility compared to soy flour, pea and lentils, it makes Mankai a good substitute for animal protein and an ideal plant-based source. Each sachet of Ajinomoto’s functional powder is said to contribute one-third of the daily recommended vegetable intake which is equivalent to about 117g of the 350g target recommended by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. Ajinomoto recommends taking one to three sachets a day, which can be dissolved in water or milk. According to Kaneko, this product is targeted at vegetarian or vegans, consumers who are conscious of the environmental impact of their foods, and those who are concerned about the lack of vegetables and protein in their diet. Shell Powder Shell powder is finely ground oyster shell powder that is used for painting designs on a ground material. It is used in some forms of Japanese embroidery. Mother of pearl: The power of pearl powder Pearl powder has been used for thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine, as well as in cosmetics and as health food supplements in China and Taiwan. Because of its dense protein and mineral composition, it has been used to treat several skin and bone disorders, as well as palpitations, insomnia, and epilepsy. The pearl-farming industry itself was established in Japan and has existed for more than a century; today, pearls are cultured globally and continue to receive attention for conferring health benefits.Calcium carbonate is the primary component of mollusk shells (roughly 95%), with the remainder an organic matrix including proteins, glycoproteins, and polysaccharides. Pearl powder is known to have exhibited antiaging, antioxidant, antiradiative, and tonic activities; in recent years, it has been incorporated into health foods for such properties and used in the clinical setting to treat ulcers (aphthous, gastric, and duodenal).Consisting of multiple active proteins, pearl powder is thought to be conducive to skin cell growth and effective for wound repair. This column focuses on recent research into the dermatologic potential of the powder derived from mother of pearl.
Data publikacji: 17-11-21
Opis: What Is A Master Cylinder? A master cylinder is a central component of your braking system. The entire braking process relies on your master cylinder, and without it, your brakes wouldn’t be able to function. In this article, we’ll demystify the brake master cylinder for you. What Is The Master Cylinder? The brake master cylinder is a component in your car’s braking system that drives the pressure generated by the brake pedal to the braking mechanism at your vehicles’ wheels. It’s essentially the heart of your car’s brake system. When you press down on the brake pedal, that force pushes a piston through the brake cylinder, converting the force into hydraulic pressure. This pressure pumps hydraulic fluid through the brake lines, transmitting pressure to a secondary cylinder at each wheel’s braking mechanism. The secondary cylinders drive the caliper piston to engage the brake calipers in disc brakes (the wheel cylinder in drum brakes). This action then goes on to stop the wheel. The clutch system in manual cars also employs master cylinders, but they’re not the same kind as brake master cylinders. Where Is The Master Cylinder Found? For manual brakes, the master cylinder is attached directly to the firewall and linked to the brake pedal. In power-assisted brakes, the master cylinder is attached to a brake booster, which supplies more power to the braking system. The assembly is attached to the firewall in the engine compartment, with the brake pedal linked to the booster. Now that you know how the master cylinder functions in the brake system, let’s see what happens inside the master cylinder: How Do Master Cylinders Work? Most master cylinders have a “tandem” design (sometimes called a dual master cylinder). In the tandem master cylinder, two master cylinders are combined inside a single housing, sharing a common cylinder bore. This allows the cylinder assembly to control two separate hydraulic circuits. Each of these circuits controls the brakes for a pair of wheels. The circuit configuration can be: Front/rear (two front and two rear) Diagonal (left-front/right-rear and right-front/left-rear) This way, if one brake circuit fails, the other circuit (that controls the other pair) can stop the vehicle. There’s also a proportioning valve in most vehicles, connecting the master cylinder to the rest of the brake system. It controls the pressure distribution between the front and rear brake for balanced, reliable braking performance. The master cylinder reservoir is located on top of the master cylinder. It must be adequately filled with brake fluid to prevent air from entering the brake system. Simply put, the mechanical pressure exerted on the brake pedal by your foot gets converted into hydraulic pressure by the master cylinder. That pressure sends the fluid through your brake lines and engages the pistons at each of the four wheels, thus activating the brake calipers and slowing or stopping your vehicle. Symptoms of a Bad or Failing Brake Master Cylinder The brake master cylinder is one of the most important components found in modern car braking systems. It serves as the main valve that pushes brake fluid through the brake lines so the brake calipers can squeeze the pads against the rotors. It functions by pushing a metal rod through a cylinder to force fluid through the braking system to the wheels. One end of this rod is attached to the pedal and is actuated when the pedal is depressed. Usually, a faulty brake master cylinder will produce one of these 4 symptoms that alert the driver of required servicing. 1. Abnormal brake pedal behavior One of the first symptoms commonly associated with a bad or failing brake master cylinder is abnormal brake pedal behavior. The master cylinder is the component that generates all of the pressure for the braking system, and if it develops any sort of problems sealing or distributing pressure, this may be felt in the pedal. With constant use over time, the seals inside of the cylinder can wear out and form internal leaks. A bad brake master cylinder may result in a pedal that feels mushy, spongy, or slowly sinks to the floor when depressed. 2. Contaminated brake fluid Another symptom of a bad brake master cylinder is contaminated brake fluid. Brake master cylinders use rubber seals that can break down and wear out over time. When they do, they can contaminate the brake fluid and will turn it a dark brown or black color. Aside from contaminating the fluid, a brake master cylinder with worn seals will not be able to hold brake pressure as effectively and may result in a mushy pedal or one that slowly sinks to the floor. 3. Leaking brake fluid Brake fluid leaks from the master cylinder or unsecured reservoirs on the cylinder holding the fluid lower critical brake fluid levels. The brake master cylinder needs adequate levels of fluid to exert the right amount of hydraulic pressure to slow down the car. You’ll need to have the brake master cylinder replaced in this situation. If left unresolved, your ability to slow down the car will be impaired. 4. Check Engine Light comes on Another symptom commonly seen for newer vehicles is an illuminated Check Engine Light. The braking systems on newer vehicles may have brake fluid level and pressure sensors installed in the master cylinder. These sensors are meant to detect any problem with the vehicle’s brake fluid pressure, which is generated by the master cylinder. If they detect that the pressure has dropped, it is possibly due to a problem with the master cylinder. Such issues may also ignite a Brake Warning Light too. What Does A Brake Master Cylinder Actually Do? We should probably start by saying a brake master cylinder technically isn’t essential. You could use cable-actuated brakes, if you liked, like the cheap items you get on entry-level mountain bikes. On the other hand, to stand the strain of stopping one or two tonnes of metal, plastic and humans over 10-20 years, the cable would have to be massive. There are more practical solutions, chief among which are hydraulics. The fact that liquid doesn’t compress makes it perfect for transferring force from one part of a system to another. When it comes to the brakes in your car, the master cylinder is the key component in making that happen. How to Buy a Good Quality Clutch Master Cylinder The master cylinder in a manual transmission system functions similarly to the brake master cylinder, and in fact, both systems use brake fluid to lubricate the interior components and provide the pressure necessary to operate the other elements of the mechanism. The clutch master cylinder contains a “clutch fluid” reservoir, which actually just holds brake fluid. When the clutch is depressed, pistons put pressure on the fluid, which then travels to the slave cylinder, and the pressure in turn allows you to engage the clutch and change gears. When this cylinder goes bad, whether due to wear and tear, clogging, or a leak somewhere in a seal, the transmission will malfunction and this puts your safety at risk. A few different things can happen when the cylinder is bad. You may experience a spongy-feeling clutch, or the pedal may go to the floor. The clutch may also suddenly engage as you are driving, sending the car lurching forward – this could easily cause an accident. The cylinder should be replaced as soon as the damage is discovered. When shopping for a new cylinder you want a good balance of durability and price. Because this is such a vital part of your safety while driving, it’s worth a little extra investment. How to make sure you’re getting a good quality clutch master cylinder Look for cast steel, rather than extruded aluminum. Cast parts are generally stronger and more reliable. Choose a trusted name brand for your clutch master cylinder. This is not the time to take chances on an unknown source. Look for a warranty. Some brands, as well as some sellers, offer warranties – even lifetime – on clutch master cylinders. Calculate the value of price versus the length of warranty to get the right balance for your budget. If you're still unsure of what to buy, as a good suppliers, we supplies top-quality clutch master cylinders to our certified mobile technicians. We can also install a clutch master cylinder that you've purchased. Clutch Master Cylinders The clutch master cylinder is directly connected to the clutch pedal and serves as the portion of the hydraulic system that generates hydraulic pressure. Master cylinders are divided into two primary categories based on the internal mechanism used to generate hydraulic pressure: seal over port systems and center-feed type systems. Seal over port system The seal over port system uses a push rod attached to the clutch pedal to produce piston movement in the master cylinder. When the piston moves, seals attached to the piston move forward. The primary seal passes over a small port in the wall of the cylinder, which allows fluid flow to and from the reservoir. Once the primary seal passes over the port, the fixed portion of fluid contained between the master and slave cylinder is moved toward the slave cylinder. This results in disengagement of the clutch. One variation of the seal over port is a plunger type master cylinder. Rather than using the attached seals that move with the pistons, the piston instead moves through the seals. Center-feed type system The center-feed type system uses small hooks attached to the nose of the piston. When the clutch pedal is not depressed, these hooks engage a flange on the valve stem. A circular rubber seal on the opposite end of the valve stem is held away from the master cylinder body. This allows fluid flow to and from the reservoir. When the clutch pedal is depressed, the hooks no longer hold the valve stem and it is pushed to the bottom of the master cylinder body. The reservoir is now separated from the fixed fluid, contained between the master and slave cylinder. As the clutch pedal is further depressed and the master cylinder piston moves even further, fluid is forced toward the slave cylinder, resulting in the disengagement of the clutch. Master cylinders are also subdivided into two additional categories: Integral reservoir systems and remote reservoir systems. The fluid reservoir of an integral reservoir system is part of the master cylinder body. The fluid reservoir of a remote reservoir system is attached to the master cylinder body via a rubber hose. The use of integral or remote reservoirs is dictated by the available room in the engine compartment. Both integral and remote reservoir types are used in seal over port and center feed type systems.
Data publikacji: 17-11-21
Opis: Yoga Mats: Are They Really Necessary? There is no more significant symbol for contemporary yoga practice than the yoga mat. It is more than a sport tool employed by the yogi. The yoga mat is a metaphor. It represents the space in which our minds might experience some relief from the stress-laden, chaotic, and unpredictable nature of daily life. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE YOGA MAT Angela Farmer is one of the most well-known and respected yoga teachers on the planet. She has been teaching for over 40 years. When she was young, she had a surgery that resulted in her being incapable of sweating from her hands and feet. I’m not sure if you have ever practiced yoga on a hardwood floor in the winter when everything is super dry. It borders on yogic tragi-comedy as your hands and feet slip and slide all over the place. Downward dog and standing poses in particular are just so slippery. Farmer’s medical condition did not discourage her from practicing with BKS Iyengar when he was teaching in London in the 1960s. He forbade her to use a foam mattress or splash water on her hands and feet for traction. While teaching in Munich in 1968, she came across a thin piece of underlay from a carpet factory. It was the perfect solution to her problem. When she returned to London, her carpet-underlay yoga mat became very popular with her students. Eventually Angela’s father connected with the owner of the German carpet factory and became the first retailer of yoga mats, establishing the business out of his home in Vancouver Island. The yoga mat, as developed by Angela Farmer, was a therapeutic intervention. The stickiness of the mat alleviated a medical condition. Yoga Mat Showdown: TPE vs. Rubber TPE, PVC, and rubber yoga mats are the most popular yoga mat types as of now. Sometimes, deciding between them can be a hard decision, as there are more factors to consider than you may initially think. If you want to decrease your eco-footprint, you may opt for a different yoga mat type, but maybe sacrifice on other features. Or, you may want a better performing yoga mat, even though it is more harmful to the environment. Rubber Yoga Mat The rubber yoga mats are probably the most eco-friendly you can find on the market. They are sustainably created with natural rubber gotten from rubber trees that are renewable. Also, rubber yoga mat doesn’t contain extra materials such as EVA, or synthetic rubber types. The rubber yoga mats are definitely one of the preferred choices when it comes to yoga practice. They are eco-friendly, very comfortable, and have a superior grip. The mats are also anti-microbe, so they are cleaned more easily. There are some disadvantages to this kind of yoga mats too. If you are allergic to latex material, you may get an allergic reaction from some of the rubber yoga mats. Also, the natural rubber yoga mats are usually heavier than their counterparts, so that makes them less portable. The price you will pay for rubber yoga mats is much higher than what you would give to TPE and PVC yoga mats. So, it is up to you to decide if you want natural, eco-friendly properties, and higher quality, with sacrificed portability; or something less eco-friendly, but more compact. TPE Yoga Mat Thermal Plastic Elastomer (TPE), elsewhere known as thermoplastic rubber, is a copolymer class or a mix of polymers. Usually, the polymers mixed to create TPE material are plastic and rubber. Anyway, the thing with TPE is that it consists of materials with thermoplastic and elastomeric qualities. So, TPE yoga mats are constructed from thermal plastic elastomers and other material. The fusion with other materials is done with closed-cell foaming under high temperatures. After this process, the TPE yoga mat is easier to clean and is resistant to various microbes. Also, the TPE material has a few advantages, such as increased eco-friendliness, better elasticity, and recyclability; which make the TPE yoga mats more eco-friendly than PVC yoga mats. You see, the TPE material has some attributes of non-PVC, non-toxic, and non-heavy metal materials. This kind of profile makes TPE yoga mats suitable for both travel and house use. The TPE yoga mats are a relative newcomer to the yoga mat market. Right now, it is the most popular in the USA, Europe, and high-spenders in China. Its market potential is huge, thanks to the high performance and high environmental protection it offers. HOW TO CHOOSE THE PERFECT YOGA BLOCK Yoga props were popularized by the late B.K.S. Iyengar as tools to support the body to allow a deeper expression of a yoga pose’s alignment. A yoga block or yoga brick is one of the most popular yoga props to use in a yoga class. Yoga blocks are most often used as an extension of one’s hands but are also used to support the back, head, and hips, and to deepen awareness of alignment. Most yoga studios have blocks available to borrow, but you may wish to purchase your own. Having your own set of blocks will be more sanitary than borrowing them, and you can use them in your home practice. When purchasing a yoga block you will need to consider size, material, cost, and quantity. Are yoga blocks necessary? The short answer is no—blocks are not necessary to use in yoga. But it is common for yoga instructors to suggest or require the use of one or two blocks for their classes. A yoga block is most helpful for beginning students and those experiencing injury or other physical limitations, but more advanced practitioners can utilize props to safely learn new challenging poses. Also, advanced yogis may have specific body proportions that make certain poses difficult and need blocks to fully access and experience them. How a Yoga Wheel Can Improve Your Daily Practice If you've been to a yoga class, chance are you're familiar with yoga blocks, straps and bolsters. But have you tried the yoga wheel yet? Benefits of Using a Yoga Wheel Yoga teacher, author and "Spiritually Inspired" podcaster Jayson Barniske uses the yoga wheel regularly in his practice and with his students. "I recommend the yoga wheel for beginners, as it helps people to open up and get to where they need to go," he says. One of the greatest benefits is using the wheel to feel and understand their bodies better in a particular pose. "Most beginners have a hard time in backbends," Barniske says. "There's a lot going on in a backbend like the movement at the sacrum (the lower back bone situated between the hipbones of the pelvis) and articulation of the shoulders. If we understand what we are doing, it makes it much more effective to deepen the practice." Additionally, if you have an injury, the yoga wheel can be an excellent tool to help you ease back into your practice. You can lie on top of it passively with support from the wheel and begin to understand where the tension and/or pain is. How To Use Yoga Towels Adding the best yoga towel to our yoga mat will make our yoga session something to look forward to. Who would want to stick in the hard way anyway? That’s is why more and more brands are making these towels and promises us a better yoga experience. But how do you use it? This is what you will learn in this article. Perks of Having Yoga Towels When yoga towels were first introduced, some people thought that it is the proper towel to use after the yoga session. They thought that this is the towel that yogis use to wipe away their sweat after an hour of concentration on yoga poses. Well, we can’t blame them because who would have thought that it can be used during the exercise right? Now let’s talk about the perks of having one so you can appreciate it more. Plastic vs Paper: How to Pick The Right Packing Tape for Your Business One of the most fundamental requirements of the packaging industry is “packing tape”. Packing tape is used to seal, wrap, or bundle items during storage, handling, or shipment. There are various types of packing tapes available. And, they differ in material, strength, thickness, width, and so on. With several options out there, it can be tough to decide on the right tape for your business needs. Here is a quick, 9-minute guide that’ll help you understand different packing tapes— their properties and applications— so that you can pick the perfect tape for the job. Different Types of Packaging Tape Explored Packing tapes come in all shapes and sizes. But even paper and plastic tapes can be divided based on their application. To give you a crash course, the below video briefs you on widely used tapes ideal for any industry. Their applications range from security packaging to brand identification. Tapes are also differentiated based on the specific materials used and adhesives. Here’s a list of popular tapes used across businesses. #1— Box Tape or BOPP Packing Tape Properties: Common, inexpensive, customizable (print, color, thickness, width) Construction: PSAs (Pressure-sensitive adhesives), Polymer Application: Across all industries, for poly mailers, carton sealing The most common type of tape, box tapes or bi-axially polypropylene tapes, are medium-strength tapes used for a variety of applications but usually to seal corrugated boxes. These tapes transparent, brown in color, or can be easily customized with patterns or branding. Since the tapes don’t need the application of water to be activated, they can be used anywhere. #2— Lightweight Packing Tape Properties: Inexpensive, durable Construction: Paper, Polyester Application: For lightweight packages Polyester plastic tapes or paper tapes are great to seal and enclose low-weight packages— of less than 15kgs. It typically has a pressure-sensitive adhesive and is simple to handle and dispense. #3— Heavy-Duty Packing Tape Properties: Strong, durable, scuff-resistance, insulation Construction: PVC, Reinforced paper, Heat/water activated Application: For heavy packages, electrical insulation Heavy-duty tapes are used for boxes weighing 20 to 30 kilograms. Usually, PVC tapes are used for this purpose but paper tapes reinforced with fiberglass can also be used. Such tapes offer electrical and chemical insulation and can often be used for electronic packaging. #4— Tamper-Evident Tape Properties: Tamper detection, tough-bond or intentionally weak to detect tampering Construction: Paper, Polypropylene, PSA Application: For high-security shipments, retail packaging, food, pharma industry
Data publikacji: 17-11-21
Opis: Titanium rods – the medical metal of choice A metal that can resist corrosion and be joined with human bone – is it any wonder titanium is the metal of choice in the medical industry!? The characteristics of titanium make it crucial to the medical field. Easily formed into bars, rods, tubes, plates or wire, it can be used to create intricate surgical instruments and implants. Medical grade titanium The most common titanium grade in the medical industry is Ti 6Al 4V, a titanium alloy which comprises 6% aluminium and 4% vanadium. Titanium alloys, like Ti 6Al 4V, are non-magnetic, non-toxic and non-allergenic, making them perfectly safe for medical procedures. They also offer high fatigue strength and fracture toughness which is ideal for dental implants where a titanium screw is inserted into the jaw, acting as the root of the tooth. Benefits of medical titanium Strong Lightweight Osseointegration Corrosion resistance Biocompatibility Non-ferromagnetism Titanium’s high-strength to low-density ratio is one of the main advantages in the field of medicine. Titanium medical equipment offers the same amount of strength as its steel counterparts but is almost 50% lighter, making it easier for surgeons and other medical professionals to carry out delicate procedures. Osseointegration is the unique phenomenon where natural bone and tissue bond to the dental or medical implant, anchoring it firmly – titanium allows for this integration. Crucially titanium rods are not rejected by the human body – they are biocompatible. As well as this, they are non-ferromagnetic, so patients with titanium implants can still be safely examined with MRI and NMRI scans. Medical titanium is also corrosion resistant. When used in the human body, it can fight off corrosion from bodily fluids. Uses of medical titanium A titanium rod can be used to provide replacement joints – be it shoulders, knees, hips, elbows – or to repair broken bones. When reconstructing parts of the body, titanium is the metal of choice for surgeons for its biocompatibility and innate ability to connect with human bone and tissue. It can also be used to protect the vertebrae after invasive back surgery. Titanium gives surgical instruments longevity. Offering resistance to bacteria, titanium medical equipment can be used for various procedures, including those that emit radiation. Our titanium rods can be used to create medical devices such as: Dental scalers Eye surgery equipment Retractors Surgical forceps Surgical needle holders Tweezers As mentioned above, a titanium rod is used in dentistry for dental implants. Titanium orthodontic braces have increased in popularity too – as they provide more strength and security, and less weight than steel braces. Titanium Ring Appearance: Titanium Wedding Rings can be polished to a shine or textured for a matte or brushed finish. Comfort: Titanium is a very comfortable choice because it is so lightweight. This feature makes titanium popular in both men and women, especially for individuals who are not accustomed to wearing a lot of bling. Cost: Titanium is very affordable in the wedding ring market being that they are generally less expensive than gold rings. Titanium is also a good investment because it lasts and maintains its appearance for a lifetime. Durability: Titanium bands will not bend, break or melt under normal conditions. Titanium can also be engraved with a laser engraver, which many professional jewelers use. Care: Titanium wedding bands are very easy to care for. Your titanium jewelry can be cleaned at home with a simple solution of soap and water or simply by polishing it regularly with a soft cloth. Style: You do not have to sacrifice style with a titanium band. Titanium ring is available in many intricate designs. Titanium can also be anodized to add color to the ring such as blue, purple, green, pink and red to name a few. What is a titanium flange? Titanium flange is a kind of component made of titanium or titanium alloy, which is connected to the pipe end. It can be made by casting, or by screw connection and welding. The flange connection consists of a pair of flanges, a gasket and a number of bolts and nuts. The gasket is placed between the two flange sealing surfaces. After the nuts are tightened, the specific pressure on the gasket surface reaches a certain value, and the deformation occurs, and the uneven parts on the sealing surface are filled, so that the connection is tight without leakage. Contents: Types of titanium flanges Standards of titanium flanges Physical properties and application scope of titanium alloy flange Why do we think titanium alloy flange is difficult to process Physical phenomenon of titanium processing Know how to process titanium alloy flange Solve the problem of titanium processing from blade Cutter structure suitable for titanium flange machining Common brands: TA0, TA1, TA2 , TA3, ta9, TA10, TC4, etc. Flange can be divided into plate flat welding titanium flange, neck butt welding titanium flange, neck flat welding titanium flange, socket welding titanium flange, threaded titanium flange, titanium flange cover (titanium blind plate), etc. according to the pipeline connection requirements. Titanium Tube Representing Fine Tubes, a great metal products, Mr. Mercer highlighted the business’ long-standing expertise in the manufacture of high-precision, high-performance titanium alloy tubes for critical applications. Fine Tubes’ seamless titanium tube is used in aircraft hydraulic systems and chemical processing plants, and for offshore drilling rig components, marine and subsea equipment, and medical implants. Fine Tubes also is a member of the International Titanium Association (ITA), the organising body of the Titanium Europe Conference. Looking at titanium in comparison to other metals, the following characteristics make it so attractive to multiple industries: It’s only 60% as dense as steel-based and nickel-based alloys. In alloyed form, its tensile strength is greater than that of austenitic or ferritic stainless steels. It is exceptionally corrosion resistant, exceeding the resistance of stainless steels in most environments. It is non-magnetic. It has excellent heat transfer properties, with a melting point higher than steel alloys. It is cold workable. Titanium Wire Uses Titanium wire perfectly inherits the advantages of titanium and titanium alloys and has a series of excellent characteristics, such as good corrosion resistance, high specific strength, non-magnetic, high biocompatibility, low impedance to ultrasound and good shape memory function and many more. Therefore, titanium and titanium alloy wires are widely used in many fields. 1. At present, more than 80% of titanium and titanium alloy wires are used as welding wires, such as welding of various titanium equipment, welding pipes, repair welding of turbine discs and blades of aircraft jet engines, and welding of receivers. 2. Due to its excellent corrosion resistance, titanium wire has been widely used in chemical, pharmaceutical, and paper industries. It can be made into a mesh for seawater filters, purified water filters, and chemical drug filters. 3. Titanium and titanium alloy wires are also used to manufacture fasteners, load-bearing members, springs, etc. due to their good overall performance. 4. In the medical and health industry, due to its excellent biocompatibility, titanium and titanium alloy wires are used to manufacture medical devices, such as dental crown fixation and skull fixation implanted in the human body. 5. Some titanium alloy wires with shape memory function, such as titanium-nickel alloy wires, are used to make satellite antennas, shoulder pads for clothes, women’s bras, and eyeglass frames. 6. In the electroplating and water treatment industries, titanium and titanium alloy wires are used to manufacture various electrodes. Classification Of Titanium Wire According to the different properties of titanium and titanium alloy, different types of titanium wire can be produced. Generally, titanium wire can be divided into the following types: pure titanium wire, titanium alloy wire, pure titanium eyeglass wire, titanium straight wire, titanium welding wire, titanium hanging wire, titanium coil wire, titanium bright wire, medical titanium wire, titanium nickel alloy wire. And different types of titanium wire have different uses. Metal is the most common material used to create fastening solutions. However plastic fasteners offer a different set of characteristics. Notably, they’re used in space. The Hubble Telescope and International Space Station are held together using plastic fasteners. On a more terrestrial level, plastic fasteners can offer advantages over their metallic counterparts for earth-based projects. Plastic doesn’t rust Typically, metal fasteners corrode and develop rust over time, especially when exposed to moisture or salty conditions. Corrosion, of course, leads to degradation. If it’s corrosion-resistant fasteners you need, you want plastic. If your product will face salt-water conditions, consider fasteners made from PVC, Isoplast or PET. These plastics also give you high strength to weight ratio, don’t absorb water, and withstand chemicals and corrosive substances such as diesel fuel and petrol. Plastic resistant to UV rays This is why NASA likes plastic: it’s much better than metal fastener at standing up to UV rays. That being said, some plastics do absorb UV rays and develop free radicals that corrode. If UV protection is important, opt for fasteners made from polyimides or FEP. Plastic is nonconductive Plastic doesn’t conduct heat or electricity. This makes fasteners made from plastic materials ideal for electrical or electronic applications. Plastics can cost less Plastic clips weigh less than metal brackets. For the automotive industry, this means improved performance and efficiency. But this is just one reason the automotive industry often favours plastic fasteners. The other: plastic screws and bolts can cost less than metal fasteners. Plastic is simply a lower-cost material. When you’re mass producing a product or part, this can amount to substantial savings.
Data publikacji: 17-11-21